Nepal has a diverse geography in a relatively small area. Altitude variates from 60 meters above sea level to 8,848 meters. On to which 86 % of the total land is comprised of hilly and mountainous regions with the remaining 14% as plain land. So due to diversity on the topography of the land surface, climatic variation is obvious in Nepal. 

Typically there are four seasons in Nepal such as Autumn (September, October, and November), Spring (March, April, and May), Winter (December, January, and February), and Summer (June, July, and August). Each season brings out unique aspects of the environment and attractions to the visitors.

Autumn and Spring season are considered as the best time to visit in Nepal. Most of the time the weather remains constant and stable in these seasons. The skies remain clear and its less likely to rain which makes these two seasons most favorable.

The summer and winter seasons are not highly recommended for visitors. The weather in summer fluctuates from time to time. Winter season is most likely to be cold. So these seasons are not favorable for tourists.

Autumn Season

Autumn is the best season to visit Nepal. Autumn brings out the best of your traveling experience in Nepal. In this season, the weather remains stable and skies tend to be clear. 

Temperature is neither too scorching in Terai (lower region of Nepal)  nor too cold at higher regions (hills and valleys). The temperature is moderate with warm days and mild cold at night. 

Most of the travelers prefer this season to visit Nepal. This season has excellent weather and provides crystal clear views of the snow-capped mountains. Dust and pollution are washed off by the monsoon making environment and air clean.

Not only the weather is favorable in this season, but two of the major festivals of Nepal (Dashain and Tihar) are celebrated across the nation. If you visit Nepal during autumn, you will have the opportunity to enjoy both the culture and natural beauty of the country.

Highlights

  • Excellent weather conditions.
  • Celebration of two major festivals of Nepal (Dashain and Tihar) across the nation.
  • Crystal clear blue sky and the scenery of snow-capped peaks.
  • Doable wide varieties of outdoor activities such as whitewater rafting, paragliding, etc.
  • Most preferred and the best season for trekking in the Himalayan region of Nepal.

Weather conditions of some popular places

Location Average Temperature (°C) Rainfall (mm)
September October November September October November
Kathmandu 22.1 19.4 14.6 207 68 7
Pokhara 24.1 21.6 17.5 491 140 6
Chitwan 27.5 25.6 20.7 289 84 9
Butwal 27.2 25.9 20.8 336 93 3
Janakpur 27.8 26.3 21.4 193 70 3

Festivals in Autumn

Dashain

Dashain is the major and the longest festival in Nepal. Traditionally, it is celebrated for 15 days. Hindus worship Goddess Durga who is the symbol of power. 

Hindu myth reveals that Goddess Durga killed a demon named ‘Mahisasur’ on the Tenth day battling constantly for the first Ninth day. 

Hence, the 10th day of Dashain signifies the victory over evil. On this day, the younger ones in the family seek blessings from elders as well as other respected people. They put a Tika (a mixture of rice, yogurt, and vermilion) on the forehead and receive sacred grass Jamara (planted on the very first day of Dashain).

Tihar

Tihar is known as the festival of lights and the second major festival of Nepal after Dashain. Tihar lasts for 5 days. Hindus worship dogs, crows, and cows on Tihar. On the 3rd day of this festival, people believe that the Goddess of Wealth (Goddess Laxmi) will come to their home.   

People design their homes with colors, oil lamps, candles, and electric lights to welcome Goddess Laxmi. People visit other people’s houses. They dance, sing and house owners give them presents and money. In Tihar, people amuse themselves with a bunch of delightful activities.

Chhat Parva

Chhat Parva is the festival of Sun god and his wife Usha. Nepalese and Indians celebrate this festival for 3 days. On the 1st day, they clean their kitchen and prepare for fasting on the 2nd day. Devotees keep fasting from the morning until dusk. 

They gather at the banks of rivers and ponds waiting for the sun to set.  They light lamps and wade into the water to pray and make offerings to the setting sun. And the other day, devotees gather to offer prayers, holy water, coconuts, and sacred threads to the sunrise.

Activities to do in Autumn

Trekking

Due to the diverse geographical region, Nepal offers varieties of trekking routes from lower to higher and from easy to arduous trail conditions. Nepal has trekking routes that cater to all individuals. The peak season for trekking in Nepal is Autumn. 

Weather remains stable and usually, the sky seems to be clear. Landscapes and the views of the mountains are extraordinary. Some of the famous and popular routes you can begin with are Annapurna Circuit Trek and Everest Base Camp Trek. There are plenty of other short or long routes which are second to none either. 

White Water-rafting

Nepal has over 6,000 rivers that leave you with many choices for rafting. Nepal is famous for whitewater-rafting, especially in the Sun Koshi river. Other famous rivers for rafting are Trisuli, Bhote Kosi, Seti, Kali Gandaki, Tamur, and Karnali.

Bungee Jumping

Bungee Jumping is one of the most exciting activities you can do within a day trip. The Last Resort in Bhote Koshi is the service provider of bungee jumping in Nepal. It has a height of 160 meters and it will be a breathtaking experience. You can reach the Bhote Koshi river with 3 hours drive from Kathmandu.

Mountain Biking

You can have mountain biking adventure in the lap of the great Himalayas of Nepal. Your experience will become even more exciting and adventurous when the Himalayas of Nepal begin to show you the spectacular and breathtaking scenery.

Tips for visiting Nepal during Autumn

  • Coincide your visit with two of the biggest festivals of Nepal like Dashain (October), Tihar (November).
  • Autumn is the best season for trekking in Nepal. So you can trek while you visit and enjoy the crystal clear views of the snow-capped peaks.
  • As monsoon goes by, travelers begin to visit Nepal at a rapid pace. So if you like solitude, be precise with where you are traveling.
  • Weather is most favorable and you can make the most of your traveling experience to Nepal.

Winter Season

During the winter season, the weather becomes extremely cold in higher regions and mild cold in the lower regions of Nepal. But at night it gets way cooler and early morning often seems to be foggy. 

Daytime usually tends to be sunny and warm. You will enjoy watching crystal clear blue skies and Himalayas of Nepal showcase the best snow-capped peaks. 

As most of the visitors go for trekking in the Himalayan region, this season is not highly advised for trekking in the higher region. In high altitude regions, heavy snowfalls and avalanches might disrupt your trip. You should trek below 4000 meters elevation.

Each season brings out something new to explore. The biggest attractions of Terai (Lower region of Nepal) for tourists can be Chitwan and Bardia National Parks. You can spectate much wildlife such as tigers, rhinos, elephants and bird species  You can explore the jungle without heat. 

Winter season has fewer visitors so you can enjoy the peace and have a lot of space while traveling. Usually, snowfalls in a high altitude region. But in Winter even in low altitude (hills and valleys) region, you can experience and enjoy snowfalls. 

Last but not least, you can celebrate Christmas and New Year high in the mountains which you will cherish for a lifetime.

Highlights

  • In winter, mountains are at its best view.
  • Less crowded so peaceful environment to be in and enjoy.
  • Explore Chitwan and Bardia National Park without worrying about heat.
  • Celebrate Christmas and New Year high with the mountains.
  • Snowfall experience even in low altitude regions (hills and valleys).

Weather conditions of some popular places

Location Average Temperature (°C) Rainfall (mm)
December January  February December January  February
Kathmandu 10.9 10.1 11.7 12 16 20
Pokhara 13.8 13.1 14.9 6 28 24
Sauraha 16.4 15.6 17.7 3 19 14
Butwal 15.7 15.2 17.4 3 23 6
Janakpur 16.9 15.9 17.8 1 11 1

Festivals in Winter

Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivaratri means “Night of the Shiva” which is the major festival of Nepal. Hindus celebrate this festival on the 14th day of the dark fortnight of the Magha month (late February). It is believed that on this day Lord Shiva performed the cosmic dance known as “Tandav”.

Maghe Sankranti

Nepalese celebrate Maghe Sankranti on the first day of Magha month (around mid-January). This festival is celebrated in the hope of spring to come sooner. Families gather together and eat meals. They eat sesame seed laddus, ghee, sweet potatoes, molasses, and yam.

Tamu Losar

Tamu refers to the Gurung community of Nepal and Losar means New Year of Gurungs. The day of the celebration is the beginning of Gurung Calendar Year. Gurungs celebrate Tomu Loshar on mid of Poush (late December).

On this very day, the family of all generations gather together exchanging love. Usually, Gurungs wear Gurung attire on this day. They organize traditional rallies and cultural programs.

Activities to do in Winter 

Trekking

The best winter treks are Kalinchowk Trek, Poonhill Trek, Sarangkot, Everest and Annapurna panorama trek. The views during sunny days are more clear and awe-inspiring.

Mountain Biking

You can do mountain biking in Kathmandu and Pokhara valley during sunny days.

Camping and Night Outs

Camping and night out can really be a great treat for you during the winter season. You can have a great memorable experience and fun enjoying a campfire with music and friends beside you.

Live snowfall

You can play and enjoy snowfall even in mid-hills and valleys. You could have a wonderful experience visiting a country with such a diverse land topography.

Tips for visiting Nepal during Winter

  • If you are trekking in this season, make sure to bring warm clothes with you because it gets way cooler at night.
  • Avoid high passes trekking and do not go above 4000 meters altitude. You might get hit by altitude sickness.
  • Bring a hot water bottle with you to keep you warm whenever you feel cold.
  • Do not forget to bring snow boots. You might need it while traveling to higher regions.

Spring Season

Spring is the second-best season to visit Nepal after autumn. Spring is the start of the peak season for trekking. Many visitors begin their journey to Nepal. 

The fascinating things about spring are the varieties of flowers start to bloom (Rhododendron and Magnolia) and new buds start to grow in trees. Local wildlife begins to come out to enjoy the euphoric spring. 

Apart from that, the skies are clearer and give you the best view of Himalayan panorama if you are planning to travel to a higher region of the country. 

In the higher regions, the climate is cold at night but in low regions, it can get hot during the day time. During spring, the days are a little longer and it brings warmer weather. 

You will have plenty of benefits if you plan to travel to Nepal during this season. You can enjoy playing Holi (Festival of Colors) and celebrate Nepalese New Year (around mid-April). 

Spring is the best season to play and enjoy outdoor activities or multi-activity sports such as paragliding, mountain biking, rafting, bungee jumping, etc. Spring is an ideal time for a helicopter tour. You can have the benefit of enjoying and amusing yourself with an aerial and the spectacular views of the world’s tallest mountains.

Highlights

  • Clear blue sky and Impressive scenes of snow-capped peaks.
  • New buds in trees and blooming flora such as Rhododendrons (National Flower of Nepal) and magnolias.
  • Start of the peak season for Trekking (second-best trekking season).
  • Freedom to entertain yourself with multi-activity sports such as paragliding and mountain biking.
  • Celebrate Holi (Festival of Colors) and Nepalese New Year (around mid-April).

Weather conditions of some popular places

Location Average Temperature (°C) Rainfall (mm)
March April May March April May
Kathmandu 15.9 19.6 21.9 34 55 116
Pokhara 19.5 23 24.1 106 312 626
Sauraha 22.7 27.6 29.4 17 30 85
Butwal 22.3   27.8   29.6 17 21 68
Janakpur 22.8 27.4 29.3 10 13 57

Festivals in Spring

Holi

In spring, Nepal celebrates Holi (Festival of Colors) which falls in the month of March. You can enjoy and celebrate holy if you visit Nepal in the spring. Holi is celebrated by using colored powder and colored water. Usually, people spray it on each other’s faces. If you visit Nepal during spring, you can have a lot of fun and make some good memories in Holi.

Nepalese New Year 

Nepalese follows its own calendar which is called Bikram Sambat. Nepalese New Year falls in the month of April. Nepal’s calendar is 56.7 years ahead of the Gregorian calendar. You can celebrate Nepalese New Year in Pokhara where the celebration is at its best.

Buddha Jayanti

Many Hindus and Buddhists in Nepal celebrate Buddha Jayanti as the birth of Lord Buddha and his enlightenment. It brings great significance in the history of Nepal. This festival is observed by both Hindus and Buddhists. A huge celebration takes place especially in Lumbini, which is the birthplace of Lord Buddha.

Activities to do in Spring

Trekking

Spring provides favorable and tolerable weather conditions making it second-best season for trekking in Nepal. Clear blue sky and splendid views of Himalayas makes this season more appealing for every trekker enthusiasts.  

Everest Base Camp Trek and Annapurna Circuit Trek are the most chosen trails during this peak season. So, based on your holiday vacation and ability, you can choose the routes that suit you the most. Especially, long treks are popular in Nepal during this season. But short trekking routes are no less adventurous than long routes.

Other trekking routes such as Poonhill Trek, Annapurna Sanctuary Trek, Mustang Trek, Langtang Valley Trek, Manaslu Circuit Trek, etc. are some of the famous trekking routes of Nepal. Each route offers unique attractions to the trekkers.

Jungle Safari

Spring is the best season for exploring wildlife and other bird species. So you can go for Jungle Safari such as Elephant Back Safari, Jeep Safari, Canoe Ride, Jungle Walk, and Bird  Watching. 

For this kind of wild and adventurous experience, Chitwan and Bardia National Park are the best and ideal option. You can encounter one-horned rhinos, Royal Bengal Tigers, hundreds of bird species, and reptiles at the closest possible distance. 

Paragliding

Spring and Autumn season brings perfect weather conditions for paragliding. That allows you to fly like a bird and enjoy the sight of the highest mountains in the world. Pokhara is famous for paragliding in Nepal. 

You get the opportunity to fly over Pokhara (City of Lakes) spectating mesmerizing views of Mt. Annapurna, Mt Dhaulagiri and Mt. Fishtail. You will see stunning scenery from the plain of low land to the hills and hills to the High land of the Himalayan region of Nepal.

Zip flyer

Another outdoor activity, Zip flyer, brings no less adventure than other activities you can do during spring. This may come as a surprise for you that Nepal has the world’s tallest, longest and steepest zipline. 

You can make a lifetime memory enjoying the zip ride with astonishing views of Annapurna range in front of you. Zip flyer is located only a 30-minute bus ride away from Pokhara.

Tips for visiting Nepal during Spring

  • If you like solitude, travel to less crowded places because spring is the peak season of the visitor.
  • Take an extra jacket with you. During the day it might be hot but at night it might be cold.
  • Coincide your trip with Holi and Nepalese New Year, so you get to celebrate it. 
  • Bring anti-insect cream or spray with you to avoid leeches and mosquitoes.

Summer Season

The summer season starts from the arrival of June and lasts till August. The weather in this season is the hottest and humid. You might experience a much higher temperature in the lower region and temperate climate in hills, valleys, and mountains.

During summer, it’s more likely to rain and skies tend to be cloudy most of the time. Hence it lowers the visibility of the mountains. Nepal is the country of lofty mountains but cloudy skies might obscure the stunning views it usually reveals.

Moreover, the monsoon rains bring landslides, floods, and the roads are most likely to be wet and muddy sometimes. So it may not be an ideal option for you if you are traveling in higher regions or remote areas.

But if you can deal with hot weather and constant rain, it is possible to visit Nepal. In this season, the foothills are typically lush, many floras start to bloom, and green hills washed off by the rain. 

This season is less polluted as compared to others. The constant rain of the monsoon sweeps away the dust and make the environment clean. Summer is the season for the first plantation of premier staple crops in Nepal. You can participate and enjoy Rice Plantation Festival with local farmers.

Highlights

  • You can enjoy a peaceful environment as there is less crowd of visitors during the summer.
  • Dust-free clean and fresh environment.
  • Greenery season with fresh crop fields and blooming flora.
  • Experience Rice Plantation Festival (around late June).

Weather conditions of some popular places

Location Average Temperature (°C) Rainfall (mm)
June July August June July August
Kathmandu 23.6 23.6 23.4 252 379 334
Pokhara 25.2 25.3 25.2 626 876 807
Sauraha 29.3 28.6 28.4 320 453 500
Butwal 29.3 28.5 28.4 366 647 620
Janakpur 29.5 28.6 28.4 221 377 193

Festivals in Summer

Janai Purnima

During August, Janai Purnima is celebrated. It is a thread festival. Hindu men change their Janai and those who celebrate put a sacred thread around their wrist. You can witness the great celebration around a sacred pond, Gosaikunda. This festival is also celebrated as the purity and strength of relations between brothers and sisters.

Krishna Ashtami

Krishna Ashtami falls in August. This festival is celebrated as the birth of Lord Krishna. Hindu devotees flock to Krishna temples all over Nepal to pray and commemorate the birth of Lord Krishna.

Teej

Teej is the festival of women and it lasts for 3 days. They worship Lord Shiva. Married women pray for the prosperity of their husbands and unmarried females pray for a good life partner. They keep fasting on the day of Teej. Every female dress themselves in a red sari.

Activities to do in Summer

Wildlife Exploration

Visit the rich natural areas in Terai such as popular Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park. 

Chitwan National Park is enlisted in a world heritage site that contains 68 species of mammals, 56 species of herpetofauna, 544 species of birds and 126 species of birds. You can encounter One Horned Rhinoceros, Gharial Crocodile and Royal Bengal Tiger which are under special protection. 

Bardia National Park has over 30 species of mammals, varieties of reptiles and about 250 species of birds. 

Exotic Waterfalls

If you are trying to escape from everyday life to nature’s gap, waterfalls in the land of Himalayas awaits you. From roadside waterfall to the lush greenery waterfalls, Nepal is home to exotic waterfalls. 

Some of the famous waterfalls are Annapurna Roadside Waterfall, Bhotekoshi Waterfall, Hyatung Waterfall, and Pachal Jharna (one of the highest waterfalls in Asia).

City Tour

The city tour is a great way of learning about the culture of locals and sightseeing some of the interesting places of a certain location. 

You can take a city tour of Kathmandu where you can explore as world heritage sites. Like Pashupatinath temple, Swayambunath Temple, Bouddhanath Stupa, etc.

You can have spiritual experience visiting the birthplace of Lord Buddha in Lumbini. You can enjoy the clean and beautiful Pokhara. You can traverse as many lakes you want inside Pokhara valley.

Before plunging into any tour, be well aware of weather conditions. Bring a waterproof jacket and umbrella with you because monsoon rain might hinder your trip.

Tips for visiting Nepal during Summer:

  • Whether you are trekking or not, do not forget to take anti-insect cream to stay away from leeches and mosquito bites.
  • The most important thing you should consider bringing with you is an umbrella to save yourself from excessive monsoon rain.
  • Be well aware of the weather forecast before heading out.
  • Carry waterproof bag, a torchlight, and water purifier tablets.

FAQs

Which is the best season to visit Nepal?

Autumn and Spring season are the best seasons to visit Nepal. Autumn brings neither too hot nor too cold weather. The weather is at its best condition. You can enjoy the crystal clear views of the mountains and clear skies will make you feel warm. Tourists are at peak in this season. Dust and pollution are washed off by the monsoon rain. You can enjoy the dust-free environment.

As the days become warmer and longer, spring is no less than what autumn brings out. During spring, different floras like rhododendron (National Flower of Nepal) and magnolia begins to bloom. Different wildlife comes out to enjoy the joyful spring. You can witness diverse flora and fauna during your visit to Nepal.

It’s not impossible to travel to Nepal throughout all seasons. But you need to prepare well for your trip. Every season has something to offer to every visitor. As Autumn and Spring are the peak season for travelers, the crowd might be higher. If you like a peaceful environment, you can travel to Nepal in less crowded seasons like Winter and Summer but only with proper planning.

Is it safe to trek in Nepal during Winter?

Trekking in Winter may not be as popular as it is in Autumn and Spring. But you should not completely avoid trekking in winter. Winter treks in Nepal have distinct advantages. You can have a great trekking experience in winter if you choose the best winter trekking routes. 

High elevation treks might not be an ideal option for you. The higher you go, the colder the temperature gets. And heavy snowfalls and avalanches might block the trails. 

At night the weather gets way cooler and it might be foggy early morning. But the day might be sunny and mildly warm. So it is safer and more comfortable to trek below 4000 meters altitude. 

That includes popular Annapurna Panorama Trek or Annapurna Sanctuary Trek in the Annapurna region. Everest Panorama Trek in the Everest region and trekking routes of Langtang region such as Helambu Trek.

What is the best time to visit Pokhara?

September to November and April to May are probably the best and most preferred time to visit Pokhara. During this time the weather is excellent and perfect for outdoor activities. Skies are more clear and the visibility of the mountains is at its best.  

Pokhara is famous for many outdoor activities such as Paragliding, Zip Flyer, Mountain Biking, Ultralight Flight, Rafting, Kayaking, and Canyoning. You can satisfy yourself the best during these months.

Which month is the rainy season in Nepal?

The rainy season typically starts around mid-June and lasts till early September. July and August are the peak months when monsoon brings rain and it almost lasts for 105 days.

The precipitation during June, July, and August rise up to 626mm, 876 mm and 491 mm respectively.

Which are the best places to visit in Nepal?

There are many places you can visit in Nepal. As soon as you step into Kathmandu (City of Temple), you can visit many religious sites such as Swayambhunath Temple (Monkey Temple), Pashupatinath Temple, Bouddhanath Stupa, and many Durbar Squares.

You can also visit the City of lakes, Pokhara. You can visit Tal Barahi Temple which is in the center of Phewa Lake. Other lakes such as Rupa and Begnas are also famous. 

Apart from the lake, you can visit Devi’s Fall and caves such as Chameru, Gupteshwor Mahadev and Mahendra. Sarangkot is also famous for its splendid views of Himalayan panorama and from its hill you can spot beautiful Pokhara valley.

You might not want to miss to visit the birthplace of Lord Buddha which is in Lumbini, Nepal. You can witness many wildlife and birds in popular Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, and Shivapuri National Park.

If you want to do trekking, you can trek to the famous Annapurna and Everest region and enjoy the magnificent views of Himalayas of Nepal. You can explore tea gardens in Ilam (southeast Nepal).

Conclusion

Autumn and Spring seasons are probably the finest seasons to visit Nepal. With many opportunities for outdoor activities and superb weather conditions, travelers prefer this season the most.

Nepal is widely referred to as “the roof of the world”. Many of the world’s tallest mountains lie in the mighty Himalayas of Nepal making Nepal one of the best trekking and mountaineering destinations across the globe. There could be no better time than autumn and spring in Nepal, to satisfy your hunger for trekking in the lap of Himalayas.

Anyway, there is no seasonal constraint to visit Nepal. You can visit Nepal at any time of the year. Each and every season of Nepal has something to offer to the visitors.

Trekking, Wildlife Exploration, Whitewater-rafting, Paragliding, Zip Flyer, Bungee Jumping, Visiting Tea Gardens, Enjoying Live Snowfall, Mountaineering, Mountain Biking, etc. are the things you can do while your stay in Nepal.

Basu Panday

Basu Panday started his journey in tourism and hospitality as a support staff 17 years ago.

He has travelled all the Himalayan region as trekking staff and trekking guide, and have climbed 6000+ meters several trekking peaks in the Himalaya. He often leads trips in Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and India. He had travelled to many other countries such as Germany, France, Switzerland, Italy, Sweden, Romania, Lithuania, Greece, Denmark Spain, Australia and the USA for promotion of Nepal’s tourism. 

After working as support staff, then tour and trek guide, he eventually fulfilled his desire to start his own company, Nepal Social Treks and Expedition, in 2006.

Basu is friendly and he is the one who answers most of your trip questions. So if you have any inquiry about our trip, don't be shy. Write to us.

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